Growing an indoor orchid is a rather troublesome business: the plant is notable for its capricious character, and also quite tender, vulnerable. In the process of growing, flower growers can meet many problems: from drying leaves to rotting roots. In the article, we consider all the possible problems with care, learn how to reanimate an orchid at home and save the plant.
Symptoms of the disease
Understanding that something is amiss with the orchid is not difficult. It is enough just to carefully look at the "behavior" and condition of the plant. The main symptoms of feeling sick are:
- withering and drying of the leaves,
- poor or completely stunted growth,
- lack of flowering.
The main indicator of negative changes is foliage. When the orchid feels unwell, the leaves fade, turn yellow, curl, stain, and fall off. It is impossible not to notice this.
It is necessary to start resuscitating the plant immediately. The sooner you start treating a flower, the higher the likelihood of a successful outcome. The first thing you need to check the roots: in a healthy state they are white, slightly greenish in color. If the roots begin to rot, they acquire a dark shade and an unpleasant, musty smell.
With the problem of growing orchids, one has to deal with this more often than others. Yellowing of the leaves can be caused by various reasons, but usually this is a banal improper care or not the most suitable conditions of detention.
Due to overheating
Foliage may turn yellow due to too high air temperature in the room. Most often this happens if in winter the pot is near batteries.
Remove the plant container away from the battery and leave it alone for a while. After 3-4 days, the flower is usually restored on its own. And in order to avoid a recurrence of such a problem, do not place the pot near radiators or other sources of heat. And just on the windowsill you need to keep the orchid, shading from direct rays.
A very dangerous condition that can lead to the death of a flower. Most often, three reasons lead to root decay:
- small, crumbling substrate,
- lack of light
- high humidity.
Consider all of the above reasons in more detail.
All flower growers know that the substrate for orchids has a special composition: it is fibrous, consists of individual fragments. Therefore, it is important to choose high-quality soil, with elastic, not losing shape particles.
Fragments should not quickly disintegrate into fibers, crumble strongly. When this happens, small particles of the substrate begin to rot, decompose, and mold: as a result, instead of a well-absorbing soil, a porridge-like substance forms in the pot. The roots of the orchid, being in a similar substrate, rot. Soon, the flower may remain completely without roots.
To cope with the problem, you need to fill the tank with a fresh substrate, consisting of whole and not having lost elasticity fragments. It is important that the substrate passes moisture and air well.
When keeping the orchid warm, it needs a lot of light. Moreover, the higher the air temperature, the more lighting the flower needs. For wintering, choose the lightest window sills in the house, since with working batteries, the need for light in the plant is especially great.
If the orchid is kept warm, but in partial shade, this will inhibit the development of its root system, lead to decay, yellowing of the leaves.
Orchid should be grown at very high humidity - as much as possible in principle. It is clear that in the conditions of the apartment it is not always possible to provide tropical conditions, but whenever possible at least conduct regular sprayings. The sprayer should be small, better dispersed. It is important to follow the procedure so that water does not get into the deciduous sinuses. Otherwise, the decay of the leaves of the plant is also likely.
Keep a distance between waterings: it is important to prevent stagnation of moisture in the soil. Between the moisturizing procedures, the substrate must have time to dry well, ventilate. Stagnant moisture can be determined by the musty odor emanating from the pot.
What to do with the roots
Rinse the root system of the plant and examine it carefully. Removing the substrate and washing will demonstrate a clear picture of the lesion. Symptoms of diseased, rotten roots are the following signs:
- darkening of individual or even all roots,
- the appearance on the surface of the roots of wet, mucous areas,
- when you press the spine fluid oozes out of it,
- large roots break up into individual filamentary fibers.
It is impossible to reanimate areas already covered by decay: they only need to be amputated, cut off. The putrid root tissue is already dead. If dried roots are found, remove them too.
Drying and processing
- After all decaying parts have been removed, the cut points should be treated with powdered activated carbon or cinnamon powder. This recommendation is related to the need for disinfection of cut sites.
- Dry the roots and immerse for 15 minutes in a fungicide solution. This will help rid the plant of pathogenic microbes and fungi parasitizing on it.
- After fungicidal treatment, soak the roots also in a solution of a growth stimulator. Such a thorough resuscitation will increase the plant's immunity and activate the formation of new healthy rhizomes.
After all the preparatory stages listed above, you can proceed to intensive care closely.
In other cases, we can talk about violations of the stages of care or an attack of insects, as well as the presence of diseases. To admire the magnificent and beautiful flowering, the owner of the plant will need to eliminate such errors as a violation of the temperature regime, improper watering or feeding, and adjust the degree of lighting.
With the content of such a beauty, she needs to provide a temperature close to that available in the natural environment. The orchid will not bloom if the daily temperature difference is less than 5 ° C. For normal laying of the flower stalk, you need to transfer the pot overnight to a cool place.
The optimum temperature in summer should be 25–30 ° C, in winter - about 18 ° C above zero.
Moreover, for different types of orchids, temperature indicators will vary. For example, the average daily temperature for a Phalaenopsis orchid should be + 18–25 ° C, for dendrobium - from 15 to 25 ° C, cymbidium - from 35 to 38 ° C, Paphiopedilum - from 18 to 25 ° C above zero.
Orchid resuscitation methods
We will get acquainted with the most effective ways to save a plant at home.
Check the roots of the plant and if there are a lot of them alive, clean them from the old substrate, then transplant the plant into a new pot. Rotten roots before transplantation must be cut off. It is advisable for the first time to strengthen the orchid in a new pot, since due to the absence of all roots the plant will be unstable.
After transplanting the flower, it is necessary to create favorable conditions for restoration. Place the pot in a well-lit, but protected from direct sunlight. It is also very important to normalize the watering of the plant, preventing an excess of moisture.
Since the affected roots still cannot fully absorb moisture, it is necessary to water evenly from the spray gun and very carefully, only slightly moistening the soil. You can also water the plants from below, pouring water into the pan of the pot.
This method is suitable if there are no living roots in the plant: they are all either dried up or rotted. Sometimes it happens. In this case, resuscitation procedures should be carried out using a greenhouse.
The device can be manufactured simply: pour a layer of expanded clay drainage into a spacious container, on which to lay a layer of wet moss. It is better to purchase a moss layer in a specialized store, as wild moss can be infected with harmful microorganisms.
Caution: a five-liter water bottle is often used as a suitable container for greenhouse equipment.
The orchid must be placed on the moss and covered on top of the container with a plastic, glass or plastic cap. Thanks to this cap, greenhouse conditions are created inside the container, favorable for the growth of new roots at the orchid.
Important: the moss should be constantly moist, and the lower part of the orchid should be literally immersed in it.
Instead of moss, vermiculite can be used. This bulk substance contains a lot of useful substances, so using it for resuscitation of an orchid may even be preferable
The air temperature inside the greenhouse should be from +22 to +28 degrees. However, do not forget to ventilate the container daily so that the plant in it does not suffocate. Humidity inside should be very high: from 70 to 10%. After about 10-14 days, the roots appear. And when they reach 3-4 cm, the flower can be planted in a pot.
This resuscitation involves the use of plain water. The diseased plant is placed in water, but so that only the lowest part of the flower is in contact with the liquid. After half a day, the water is poured, and after the same time a new one is added.
All these manipulations should take place at a very warm temperature - at least +25 degrees. The roots after "water resuscitation" appear at 6-10 weeks, but sometimes only after six months.
Incorrect watering or top dressing
A tropical guest reacts sharply to violation of the irrigation regime and fertilizer application. Since growing in the natural habitat, the plant does not bloom during the rainy season due to the lack of pollinators, then with intensive home watering it may not let out a shooter. The same thing happens if you water the flower with cold water.
To ensure abundant and timely flowering, the plant should be watered only after the soil has dried. This can be determined by the color of the roots - they should be almost white or at least lightened. To stimulate flowering, some flower growers combine watering with the introduction of potassium-phosphorus fertilizing.
There are fertilizers that are needed to build green mass, as well as those that contribute to flowering. Preparations with a high nitrogen content are recommended for use during the growing season, that is, in the spring. If potassium-phosphorus fertilizers are introduced at this time, which contribute to the formation of buds and flower arrows, it is possible to provoke untimely flower formation and destroy the plant. Also, these dressings are not used during the recovery period of the orchid after damage to the root system.
How to replace a greenhouse
If there is no way to equip a comfortable greenhouse, you can do without it. With a competent approach, the result can be no worse. Instead of the greenhouse, you will have to use a glass vessel: it should be quite deep. Usually use a suitable sized vase.
The roots are treated in a standard way, after which the socket with the surviving roots (or without them) is placed in this vessel. Every day in the morning a little water is poured onto the bottom of the vase: so that only the lower part of the plant comes into contact with the liquid.
For six hours, the flower is left in the water, then the liquid is drained, and the orchid is left dry until the next morning. The procedure is repeated daily.
To grow the roots faster, flower growers are advised to add honey to the water (1 teaspoon per liter). You can also make water more healthy by adding:
- weak solution of complex fertilizers,
- sugar syrup
- root stimulant.
All supplements should not be used every day, but periodically. This is especially true for fertilizers.
Epin and Zircon
As a suitable stimulant, they often use the popular Epin, many also like Zircon. Epin is diluted in the following proportion: 1 drop of the drug per liter of water. The flower is soaked in the resulting solution for 20 minutes, if the root damage is negligible. If the roots are almost or completely gone, the stimulation time should be increased to 1.5-2 hours.
The importance of these parts in the life of a flower
The roots and leaves for orchids are very important.
- Collect moisture.
- Accumulate nutrients.
- Carry out photosynthesis.
Details about what to do if a gulf of a flower happened, we told in a separate article.
- The condition of the leaves may indicate how much the plant has adapted to the external environment.
- Dense and resilient leaves indicate that the flower developed under drought conditions.
- Several densified leaves occur in species that grow in open spaces with good lighting.
- Shade-loving orchids have soft and light leaves that quickly burn in the sun.
What are the consequences of their absence?
The consequences of such a circumstance will be obvious. A flower cannot grow without these important elements. Its gradual death will occur.
To determine how serious everything is, you need to inspect the roots for damage.
The following signs will indicate the death of the root system:
- Color change (to learn about what the normal color of a healthy root system should be and why it changes, click here).
- Slimy and wet areas.
- If you push the roots, water will flow out of them.
- The presence of collapsed filiform roots.
What are the causes of this problem?
The reasons for falling leaves and lack of roots in an orchid may be different. The most common are the following:
- Wrong watering. Many inexperienced gardeners believe that the more often an orchid is watered, the better for its growth. This is actually not the case. You need to know the size of the roots of the flower and the period of their activity. Watering is necessary after the substrate is completely dry. To do this, the orchid is planted in a transparent container with holes, where you can see when the plant needs watering.
- Lighting. More precisely, poor lighting, especially in the autumn-winter period. In violation of the normal lighting system, a failure occurs in the growth of the flower. First, it affects the leaves, which fade, turn yellow and fall. They, in turn, send a signal to the root system, which also gradually loses its vitality.
- Substrate non-sterility. If the flower is present in the soil for a long time, then various insects can accumulate in it - mites, fungi and other microorganisms. They can be both useful and harmful. Some aggressive representatives destroy the roots and foliage of orchids.
- It happens that the cause of leaf fall and the death of the root system has not been established. In this case, the plant is placed in a fungicide. Its dosage should be half as much as in the instructions. If you regularly process this orchid, then its immune system will be strengthened.
Is it possible if all the roots and leaves have fallen off?
In this case, urgent resuscitation is needed. In this case, the flower is planted in a small greenhouse, which is purchased in a specialized store or made independently from a plastic box. Expanded clay and moss are pouring at the bottom of the greenhouse.
After which the plant is carefully placed there. In this case, good lighting is very important, so you should buy a phytolamp in advance.
The following procedures are followed:
- Periodically, you need to soak the flower in a nutrient solution and in water.
- Wipe the base where leaves should appear with substances to stimulate growth.
- Bathe an orchid in water with the addition of special preparations.
Drugs that are added to water to restore the root system:
- Vitamins of group B. They help restore a rotten root system. The flower needs to be soaked once a month in such a solution and wiped it once a week.
- Growth regulators. They contain phytohormones that restore the structure of the roots. Soak the plant in them every month (to learn about effective tools for building roots in orchids here).
- Fertilizers based on potassium and phosphorus. They are fed once every 2 months.
- Glucose. If the plant is healthy, then glucose is produced by photosynthesis itself. A sick flower needs top dressing with the content of this substance, since glucose promotes the formation of new cells.
- Microfertilizer with iron chelate stimulates the growth of roots and leaves.
Read more about how to resuscitate an orchid without roots, read here.
No growth point
In this case, all rotten roots are removed. This is done using pre-disinfected scissors. Then the plant is installed in water so that its upper part rises above the water. It is necessary to transfer the container with the orchid to a well-lit place. So the orchid will begin to recover, and soon a new root system should appear.
We offer you to watch a video about resuscitation of an orchid without a growth point:
There is no sheet
If the leaves of the orchid began to fall off, but the root remained unchanged, then the following restoration tips will help:
- Do not wait until all the leaves fall off the orchid, you need to remove the flower from the pot and examine the state of the root system.
- Необходимо отслеживать систему естественной смены листьев, чтобы не спутать природный процесс с патологическим состоянием.
- Должны быть четко отрегулированы правила полива в условиях комнатного содержания.
- If you just bought a plant, you should immediately check the roots for rot or disease (what leaf diseases are found in orchids?).
- If necessary, you need to use a room greenhouse.
- At times, it is worth transplanting the flower into a new substrate.
- Strictly adhere to the concept when using reinforcing agents.
We offer you to watch a video on how to reanimate an orchid without leaves:
When does resuscitation no longer make sense?
When all roots have decayed and all leaves have wilted, it will be impossible to save the plant.
But if nevertheless small parts of the roots remained in good condition, then it is worth trying to reanimate the orchid.
- To begin with, all rotted parts of the plant are removed. Then it dries well.
- Where cuts were made, the sites are disinfected. This is done with activated carbon. It is crushed into powder, and slices are processed with this tool.
- After this, the areas where future roots should form are treated with vitamin solutions.
- And that's not all. After all these actions, constant care and replenishment of the orchid is necessary.
Care for a flaccid plant
When growing orchids, it is always worth remembering that a flower tolerates aridity more easily than an excess of moisture. The orchid should be in a transparent pot with holes, so it will be easier to adjust the time of watering. It is also worth paying attention to the fact that the plant does not overheat and receives sufficient lighting. But direct sunlight is harmful to the orchid, the light must be scattered.
It is difficult to care for a diseased plant, but it is quite possible to restore it. You will have to make a little effort before the flower will again please the household with its flowering.
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If orchid species such as phalaenopsis and papiopedilum can still come to terms with insufficient lighting, then for other species this problem can become serious and lead to death. You can determine if the culture has enough light by the color of the leaves. They should be light green, since the presence of yellow is an indicator of excess ultraviolet radiation.
The plant will signal a lack of lighting with bright green leaves. In order to adjust the degree of illumination, in the first weeks of the appearance of an orchid, it is necessary to monitor it in order to adjust the amount of light received by the plant.
The problem of lack of flowering is most often solved by moving the pot to a well-lit place or by installing artificial lighting. In winter, for illumination, it is customary to use cold light lamps installed at a distance of no higher than 40 cm from the crown of the plant.
Adverse effects of diseases and pests
If the flower is affected by viral infections or insects, then it will not bloom. It is necessary to inspect the plant for pests, bacterial or fungal infections. If a problem is identified, the grower must purchase a drug that eliminates the trouble, and carry out the processing of the culture. When your darling gathers strength, she will start releasing arrows and forming buds. Usually, to recover, a flower needs about six months.
Very dangerous and unpleasant for the plant are root diseases. The reason may lie in excessive watering, which causes a stunt in growth, a decrease in leaves in size, and also the beginning of rotting of the root system. This is due to the fact that water enters a leaf outlet, which then does not dry out normally. It is possible to prevent decay by carrying out permanent transplants, which will allow the grower to assess the condition of the roots, and the plant should better develop and bloom in a new substrate.
In addition to Epin and Zircon, succinic acid is also very popular. The tool helps well to activate root formation, the growth of green mass. The proportion in this case is as follows: a tablet of the drug per liter of water. Apply a tool for spraying plants and watering, but not more than once a month.
The tool is well known to flower growers. Usually apply it when you have to reanimate the phalaenopsis orchid. Cornevin is diluted according to the instructions in water, after which the lower part of the plant is placed in the solution. The drug has a wonderful effect on the immunity of the flower, activates its vitality, promotes speedy recovery.
When does flowering occur at home?
Different varieties of orchids begin to bloom at different ages.. Usually the first buds appear when the flower is 1.5-3 years old. You can find out the age of an orchid by its shoots: if the plant is 2 years old or more, then there should be at least 5-8 of them.
After the orchid has blossomed and its peduncle has dried, it is possible to wait for the next flowering no earlier than in 2-3 months. This fact is due to the fact that a healthy plant with proper care can only produce peduncles 2-3 times a year, and the duration of flowering itself is usually about 3 months. Nevertheless, not all orchids obey the general rules, and the reason for this is often the incorrect conditions of their maintenance and the lack of knowledge of the owners how to act in order to achieve flowering.
Why doesn’t it start for a long time?
There may be several reasons why an orchid is more than a year or even two in a hurry to please its owner with flowers.
- Any species of orchid plants really do not like moving in space. Even the pot turned on the other side to the light source becomes a serious stress for them. As a result of rotation and rearrangement of the plant from place to place, delays in the appearance of the peduncle may occur, as well as the falling off of buds that have already begun.
- A common reason that an orchid does not bloom may be the insufficient illumination of its root system. It is the roots that provide the complete photosynthesis of the whole plant, so blooming orchids need to be planted only in transparent pots.
- An orchid will never bloom if it does not have enough light. Therefore, for the flowering of this plant, it is important to provide it with the proper level of illumination. On winter days, LED lamps will come to the rescue, which will help extend the daylight hours for the required amount of time (as a rule, orchid flowers require 10 hours of bright light for regular flowering).
- The absence of daily and seasonal temperature differences in the room also leads to a delay in the flowering of orchids. All that is needed for flowering in this case is to create a plant as close to natural conditions as possible, making sure that the air temperature is 4-6 ° C lower at night than during the day. An excellent solution would be to create an artificial wintering for the green darling for at least 20 days at a temperature of 5-10 ° C above zero.
How to care after resuscitation procedures
Consider the basic nuances of caring for an orchid after the flower has been revived.
With this procedure, after resuscitation, you need to be careful. While the orchid has not yet fully recovered, it should not be fed: the plant may react poorly to additional nutrition.
After a month has passed after resuscitation, you can begin to apply top dressing, but carefully, in moderation. An excess of nutrients leads to darkening of the roots of the plant, tarnishing of its leaves, wilting of flowers. A banal root burn with a large amount of fertilizer provokes these negative changes.
The procedure should also be carried out with caution. It is recommended to use the method of spraying or pouring water into the pan.
Do I need to artificially stimulate the plant?
For so that a recently transplanted orchid gives large and bright flowers, care should be taken to artificially stimulate its flowering. It is important to make sure that the plant is completely healthy, has strong roots and powerful and fleshy leaves.
- Most often, orchid bloom is stimulated by placing it in a stressful situation. If the plant began to “be lazy” and has not let out a peduncle for a long time, you can try to push it to bloom by watering. To do this, immerse the pot in water heated to 40-45 ° C and leave it there for 30 minutes.
- A useful stimulant for flowering orchids is a hot shower. Put the plant in the bath and spill its leaves and roots with a very warm stream of water (the temperature should be tolerable for hands, otherwise you can burn the roots and leaves!).
- If the orchid has never bloomed, despite the suitable age, as well as the quantity and quality of shoots, you can try sending it for a week or two to a cool balcony (the room temperature should not drop below 0 ° C). This procedure will simulate the wintering of a plant in vivo, thereby bringing its flowering period closer. After you bring the flower back into the house, a peduncle will soon appear on it.
Protection against parasites and fungus
When only an orchid was brought into the house from the store, it is necessary to immediately check for pests on the plant. To find out about the presence of parasites is simple: you need to put a pot with a plant in the water. If there are pests, they will creep up the flower from the water. If insects are found, you need to change the soil in the pot, washing and treating the roots of the orchid with fungicide.
To prevent the appearance and spread of the fungus, you should be careful about watering the plant, avoiding overmoistening of the soil. A regular inspection of the roots will also help in order to stop the onset of the disease at an early stage.
Soil Composition and Pests
In many ways, the health and well-being of an orchid depends on the composition of the soil in which it grows. No matter how originally a good and loose substrate is in the pot, over time and with watering it inevitably condenses, loses its permeable ability.
Dense soil is a serious obstacle to the normal ventilation of the orchid's root system. To avoid such a problem, it is necessary to regularly change the substrate in a pot with a plant. Take care that pine bark is part of the soil - for a tropical flower it is the best baking powder.
The most dangerous pest for orchids, which can even lead to the death of a plant, is a nutcracker. The insect eats the roots of the flower, gradually inhibiting the immunity of the plant, leading to its withering and drying.
If the nutcracker is wound up, the following actions must be taken:
- remove the orchid from the pot and rinse thoroughly its roots,
- remove sluggish, damaged roots,
- replace the substrate in the container, it is desirable to replace the container itself,
- transplant an orchid into new soil.
Water the plant after transplantation in 10-12 days, not earlier.
Incorrect watering and its consequences
When the orchid is watered too hard, this can lead to decay of the roots of the plant, wilting of the leaves, and other unpleasant problems - including the development of fungal pathology.
To avoid such problems, the soil should be moistened only when it has noticeably dried out. If, without waiting for the soil to dry, water the orchid, this will inevitably lead to plant disease. And to rehabilitate the flower will be difficult.
The time that elapses between watering is difficult to determine accurately. It depends on many factors: external conditions, temperature, level of humidity, lighting, soil composition, even the type of flower.
The size of the pot also matters: in a large capacity, the soil will dry out more slowly. Therefore, it is recommended to initially plant a tropical flower in a high and rather narrow container.
Drying of the roots is also important not to allow, since this fact, without a doubt, will adversely affect the health of the orchid. And it can even lead to its complete death.
Defrosting and sunburn
The tropical tender orchid may well be cold - in our climate this is not surprising. If only leaves and peduncles were frozen, then, without any doubt, the plant will survive and recover, although not quickly.
If the roots are affected, resuscitation will be more prolonged, but, however, in most cases also successful. However, if the frost picked up a growth point, and the latter became watery, translucent, unfortunately, the orchid cannot be restored.
In case of sunburn, the affected leaves and flowers should be cut off, since it is no longer possible to restore their beauty. Then be sure to move the orchid to a shady place.
Often a plant suffers from foliage problems. Orchid greens can:
- turn yellow, and completely
- wilt down
- “Decorate” with spots and holes, other suspicious artifacts.
A likely cause of deciduous ailments is overheating of the plant. An orchid can suffer from heat only by being located near heating batteries, but also being in direct sunlight.
The first step is to eliminate the probable cause of the problem and wait a few hours. In the waiting period, do not water the plant, only spraying is allowed no earlier than three hours later.
Quickly, however, after overheating, it is unlikely that the orchid will be restored. With the most favorable development of events, the first positive changes should be expected no sooner than after 4 days.
Inexperienced gardeners often take the natural death of orchid leaves for plant disease. You should know that the leaves tend to grow old and sooner or later, but wither, die off and give place to young shoots.
In the case of this completely natural process, the foliage will fade slightly, and only in the lower part of the stem. Do not try to speed up the process by breaking off the fading leaves - such an intervention will negatively affect the well-being of the orchid. Leaves should die out on their own.
A similar problem happens with an orchid if:
- it is not watered enough,
Depending on the cause, the negative factor that caused it, take appropriate measures:
- make watering more plentiful and frequent,
- minimize top dressing.
In the latter case, a transplant may be necessary to save the orchid: if too much fertilizer has been applied.
Do not throw away the orchid, even if it is left completely without roots. And in this case, there is an opportunity to revive the plant - you only need to make a little effort and be patient. In general, this flower is very cheerful, and if you give it a chance of salvation, it will not slow down this opportunity to seize. Watch a video on simple orchid resuscitation measures.
Before choosing the right method, first examine the plant and realistically evaluate the condition of its leaves and roots. If the orchid rotted about 60% of the roots, usually it can be returned to its previous healthy state in a month. But if the roots are completely lost, resuscitation is sometimes delayed for a year, or even longer.
So, we learned how to reanimate an orchid at home. There are enough ways: thanks to them, you can restore the plant, even when not a single root has survived. Carefully monitor the state of your pet and take action as soon as the orchid began to look worse.
9 important rules for flowering
Experienced orchid owners recommend that you follow 9 simple rules to ensure their timely and abundant flowering.. Here's what to do:
- It should let the orchid grow. It is normal if it does not bloom before 3 years of age. The young plant is not yet sufficiently strengthened, and premature flowering can lead to its death.
- For planting a green pet, it is important to use only transparent pots. This will ensure the full participation of the roots in photosynthesis, which is necessary for healthy growth and flowering. It is best to choose a perfectly smooth container made of glass or plastic. Clay pots will not be able to transmit light, and their rough inner surface will lead to the fact that the roots of the flower simply grow to it and are injured during the subsequent transplant.
- Do not rearrange the plant from place to place. Especially - at the time of flowering orchids. If a change of position is still necessary, you should provide the plant with the usual temperature and light conditions.
- Orchid plants require a lot of sunny color. Standing in the gloom of an orchid will never bloom. However, the plant will require light shading from direct sunlight.
- Orchids do not like excessive humidity, so their watering should be moderate (1 time in 10-12 days). Otherwise, the roots may begin to rot and the plant will die.
- You should not put an orchid on a draft: a plant can not only refuse to produce a flower stalk, but also completely discard already released buds.
- For the full development of orchids, it is necessary to use specialized fertilizers based on potassium and phosphorus.
- Orchids are tropical plants and require constant spray irrigation.
- If a healthy orchid does not bloom for a long time, it is worthwhile to arrange stress for it. To do this, you can remove the plant in a dark place, leave it overnight in the cold, bathe the roots in hot water. After such manipulations, the flower will probably start a peduncle.
Why does not give buds and does not grow leaves?
Most often, a halt in development and growth is associated with a lack of fertilizers. To stimulate active vegetation, you should treat the leaves of the plant with a special fertilizer for phalaenopsis. После того как вегетативная функция будет полностью восстановлена, растение нарастит необходимую зеленую массу и, при условии правильного содержания, порадует владельца молодым цветоносом.
Если выпускает только корни и листья
If the orchid does not bloom, but releases leaves, it may be in a dormant period. As a rule, the rest time of orchid plants lasts from 1.5 to 3 months, for which the plant should be provided with a cooler temperature regime.
If there is no flowering for more than three months, you need to deal with the watering regime, as well as humidity and temperature in the room where the orchid is contained. It is necessary to adjust the conditions of detention and create stressful conditions for the plant to successfully distill the peduncle.
We recommend watching a video about the reasons for the absence of orchid bloom when growing leaves:
How to make give buds by changing the watering?
Especially important for a successful flowering orchid watering regime. How to accelerate flowering by changing watering? Water the plant should be by completely immersing the pot in water. In order for the dry substrate to be saturated with moisture, it is necessary to pull the flowerpot out of the decorative flower pot and lower it into water for 3-5 minutes. After watering, the plant should be pulled out, allow excess water to drain from the pot and put it in its original place.
Such manipulations should be performed once every two weeks in the winter and once every 10 days in the summer. More frequent bathing can lead to rotting of the root system and disease, and sometimes complete death of the plant.
Orchids gravitate towards the humid climate of the subtropics, therefore it is important to maintain high humidity indoorswhere they are grown. The plant should be sprayed daily, using well-settled warm and soft water.
How to stimulate by adjusting the length of daylight?
Despite the photophilia of orchids, you should not put them on the southern windows in the summer: there they can get a sun and temperature burn. In addition, any plant needs a phase of night rest for the proper implementation of the photosynthesis process, so do not forget the plant under the included phytolamp at night.
Orchids are plants luxurious in their beauty, able to thank fantastic blooms for the correct observance of the simple rules for caring for them. Using some tricks in organizing the pet’s maintenance regime, each orchid owner will certainly achieve its abundant flowering.
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