In that Photoshop lesson we will look at tools - Dodge, Dimmer and Sponge.
They are in the same group and a hot key for their access is "O".
Start with Dodge Tool and Burn Tool. They are designed to lighten or darken certain parts of the image. They have only two settings:
- Range - these are areas of the photograph that the instrument will affect. You can choose: Shadow (Shadow) - the effect on dark areas, Highlight (Highlights) - on light and Midtones (Midtones) - midtones.
- Exposure - the force with which the tool will affect the photo. Here, of course, it is better to make the setting smaller so that you do not have black spots or gaps.
The scope of these tools is huge. Using them, you can get a good result, for example, when whitening teeth, brightening the iris of the eyes or darkening the lines of the face shapes. It all depends on how hard the tool will work. Try not to take very large exposure numbers and work in the range from 7 to 20%.
Well, the last one - Sponge Tool. With it, you can increase the color saturation of a certain area. It has two modes:
- Reduce Saturation (Desaturate)
- Increase Saturate.
There is also an option "Flow", which allows you to control the force of the tool on the photo.
That's all. If you have questions, be sure to ask them in the comments below.
A group of tools consisting of Clarifier, Dimmer and Sponge.
The clarifier makes the specified places brighter, the Dimmer - on the contrary, reduces the brightness, and with the Sponge you can adjust the saturation of the picture. The principle of working with all three tools is the same as with the tools of the previous group.
For practice, add the saturation of the image below using the Sponge tool. It already seems rich and beautiful, but still let's see.
- In the palette on the left side of the Photoshop window, select the Sponge tool.
- Increase the size of the brush and change its type if desired.
- Pay attention to the Mode drop-down list located on the options panel. By default, Reduce Saturation is selected. This means that when processing the photo will become dull, lose paint. To enhance the picture, select Increase Saturation.
- Consistently, methodically and smoothly process the entire image.
- Rate the result.
Many novice Photoshop users have problems using the Toolbar. These problems arise most often due to the fact that it is difficult to understand and understand the purpose of each tool, it is to solve this problem, we created this page.
On this page, you can find a description of the capabilities of almost all Photoshop tools.
Since many lessons are created in different language versions, we tried to make a plate with the name of the tools in both English and Russian, so that it would be easier for you to navigate the names of the tools.
Toolbar in English and Russian
I want to note that a small black triangle, for some instruments, means that it has under the instruments, so to speak, varieties of the main one. When you right-click on the tool icon, you will see a drop-down menu with a choice of additional Photoshop tools.
Let's now look at each group of tools in more detail.
Photoshop Highlighting Tools
They are necessary to highlight the shapes and areas of the image.
Area (Marquee Tool) . With these tools, you have the ability to select oval, rectangular areas.
“Move” . Moving something (layers, effects, etc.).
Lasso Tool . Selection of areas due to mouse tracing, polygonal selection, if there are even edges and selection with reference to the border of the area.
Magic Wand Tool . Select areas that have the same color.
By this group of tools, they mean everything that is associated with changing the size, shape of the areas.
Crop Tool . This tool crop images, but it's a common name because the Crop Tool has a lot of possibilities. A more detailed description of this tool can be found on the Internet.
Cutting (Slice Tool) . Creating fragments from an image / photograph. The tool is in demand among web designers, it is needed to cut the layout of the site, for a different number of images, for further layout of the site.
"Selection of a fragment" (Slice Select Tool) . Serves to select and work with fragments that were created using the Slice Tool.
This group of tools is intended for image editing - to eliminate inaccuracies, defects, change saturation, sharpness and much more.
“Spot Healing Brush Tool” . With this brush, you can remove stains and restore small elements in the image.
Healing Brush Tool . The brush paints areas of the image with the selected pattern.
Patch Tool . It works like the Healing Brush Tool, only the editable area can be selected as a lasso tool.
Red Eye Tool . Quickly remove red eyes in photos.
Stamp Tool (Clone Stamp Tool) . With the help of "Stamp" you can draw according to a specific sample, which is taken from the image.
Pattern Stamp Tool . The same as the “Stamp”, only the part to be painted will be Pattern based on the selected pattern. I hope you understand my point; if not, look for lessons on using the pattern stamp on the Internet.
Eraser Tool . Erases the image or restores it to the last saved copy.
Background Eraser Tool . Thanks to drag and drop, erases the background image. If you hold down the Alt button, a dropper will appear, with which you can set a color that will not be erased by the eraser.
Magic Eraser Tool . This tool erases monochrome parts of the image.
Sharpness (Sharpen Tool) . The opposite of the Blur Tool makes the area sharper, increasing sharpness.
Blur Tool . Blurs the extreme parts of the object and it becomes less clear.
The Finger (Smudge Tool) . Blurs everything how much you spend with this tool.
The Burn Tool . Converse Dodge tool - darkens.
Dodge Tool . Lightens the selected area in the image.
Sponge Tool This tool changes the color saturation of the area that you are conducting it. The Sponge Tool has two properties: Desaturate - saturates colors, Saturate - on the contrary, depletes the colors of the image.
Work with image color balance, stylization and the like.
Brush Tool . The oldest Photoshop tool, the brush was from the very first versions, with it, you can draw lines pixel by pixel (and more) on the image.
Pencil Tool . Unlike a brush, a “pencil” draws lines with more pronounced edges.
Color Replacement Tool . This tool will help you replace the selected color with some other.
Archive Brush (History Brush Tool) . This brush draws the selected copy.
“Archival Art Brush” (Art History brush Tool) . Using the selected brush, draws and stylizes the image as a History Brush Tool.
Consider the tinting tools. Photoshop contains three tinting tools that can be used to brighten or darken portions of an image.
Photoshop contains three tinting tools, with their help you can lighten or darken portions of the image by the principle of reducing or increasing the light flux (or exposure time) in traditional photography. The origin and conditional images of the instruments come from here. And also affect the saturation of the image.
Tool Dodge (Clarifier) - this is a metaphor for the mask that the photographer uses to reduce the luminous flux on a part of the photo, and thereby weaken the tone level. In fact, the tool allows a local increase in brightness in the area to which the tool was applied. To configure the tool, as you probably already used to, the Options palette is used. For this tool, it has the following form:
When working with this tool, the image is conventionally divided into three levels: Shadows - these are the darkest areas in the image, Midtones (Middle tones) - the areas that are medium in brightness and Highlights - the lightest areas. Using setting Range (Range) You can choose which of these three levels the instrument will affect. Please note that only one level can be affected at a time. Here is an example that shows the difference between these three modes:
As you can see from the example: when using the tool on a light background, the tool has a maximum effect only in the Highlights mode, its effect in the Midtones mode is hardly noticeable, and in the Shadows mode it is completely absent.
On the other hand, when using the tool on a dark background, the tool has the maximum effect on the contrary in the Shadows mode, its effect in the Midtones mode is also hardly noticeable, since this mode was created for medium-sized areas of the image. And in the Highlights mode, there is no effect on dark areas at all.
Customization Exposure (Exposure) - sets the strength of the impact of the instrument. Changes from 0% to 100%.
And the last setting is Airbrush mode - allows you to enable and disable the airbrush mode. When it is turned off, the tool acts on the principle of a tool Brush , i.e. when the mouse cursor stops moving, the tool ceases to function even if the mouse button is pressed. When you turn on the mode, the tool acts on the principle of Airbrush , i.e. the tool exerts its effect as long as the left mouse button is pressed, regardless of whether the cursor moves or not.
Tool Burn (Dimmer) is a metaphor for the hand of a photographer who concentrates the luminous flux in a specific area of a photograph and thereby increases the tone level. We can say that this tool is opposite in its effect to the previous tool. It allows local brightness reduction in the area to which the instrument was applied. To configure it, the Options palette is also used. All settings are similar to tool settings. Clarifier .
Tool Sponge (Sponge) is a metaphor for the physical sponge with which the photographer adjusts the level of the developing composition, and thereby determines the saturation of the tone (in the general case, and color). When working with a gray scale, this tool can also be used to enhance or reduce the contrast of the image. In other words, the tool allows you to increase or decrease the saturation of the image in those places where it was applied. Its settings are as follows:
As you can see right away, many settings coincide with the settings of the two previous tools, but there are two unfamiliar to you so far:
Customization Mode (Operation mode) - contains two modes: Saturate - in this mode, the tool increases the saturation of the image and Desaturate - a mode in which the tool reduces the saturation of the image.
Customization Flow (The magnitude of the flow) - is responsible for the strength of the tool. Changes from 0% to 100%.
Summing up, it is also worth saying that these tools are not designed to work with black-and-white line art and indexed colors, however, these limitations will become clear to you after a few lessons.
Today you learned about the first tools for tone correction. At the seventh and eighth lessons, you will have to become more familiar with such concepts as color models, color and tone correction. And then you can fully appreciate the enormous opportunities that the Photoshop editor provides in this area.