Each manufacturer of buttons sets its own size range. All button sizes can be indicated in millimeters (mm) or lines (L).
If you decide to order buttons, then you need to coordinate the calculation system with the manufacturer. For example, if you decide to order size 30, it means that their size is 34 mm, and if 34L is indicated, then the size is 21 mm.
Here is a table to help you better understand these two calculus systems:
All these data relate to round buttons. The size of the square buttons is measured diagonally, and the size of the buttons of a non-standard size, as a rule, is considered on their largest side.
Button on the leg
If the “leg” is present, then this is a plus, since it reduces the tension that usually occurs between the button and the material when you unfasten and fasten your clothes. This means that the “leg” will protect the clothes from tearing.
It is also worth noting that the leg hides the threads with which you sew the button, which means that the button can be sewn with a thread of any color, even if this color does not fit the clothes.
But even if the button does not have a “leg”, you can make it from the thread that you use to sew the buttons.
Did the button come off? Some useful tips.
Tip 1: if you have lost a button, and there is no spare one, then you have to buy the right amount of suitable buttons of the same type, and alter all the old buttons on the clothes.
Tip 2: choose the right size, since a button that is too small will always be unfastened, and too large will not allow you to fasten normally. Just slip an unstitched button into a loop on your clothes to see if it fits.
Tip 3: if the fabric is dense, then the needle and thread should be suitable - the threads are thick and the needle is thicker and with a big eye.
Types of needles for hand sewing:
Tip 4: Use sharp scissors, as blunt ones shag the tip of the thread, after which it is difficult to stick the thread into the eye of the needle.
Tip 5: Remember to wear a thimble to protect your fingers while sewing on buttons.
How to sew a button
We select the appropriate threads and buttons
To sew buttons, you need strong threads so that the button can hold longer. You can check the strength of the thread with your hands - if you have difficulty tearing the thread, then it is strong.
Select threads of suitable thickness so that they can be used for the selected fabric. For example, if you want to sew a button on a summer shirt, then use thin threads, not thick ones.
Choose a color suitable for the button. If the button is on the leg, then the color of the thread should match the color of the fabric, and if the button is with holes, then the color of the threads should match the color of the button itself.
Button with an eye. Option 1.
Try not to use nodules.
1. Fold the thread in two folds.
2. Thread the ends of the thread into the eye of the needle.
3. Grab a pair of fabric threads with the needle where you are going to sew the button, and then thread (not completely) the thread.
4. Pass a needle and thread into the loop formed and gently tighten.
5. When the thread has fastened, you can safely sew on your button.
Button with an eye in one puncture. Option 2
1. Fold 4 threads together and thread them into the needle. In this example, a carabiner needle is used, but you can use a needle with a large eye.
2. It is not necessary to tie on the stitch fasteners and knots. Just pierce the needle in the desired place, stretch the thread and leave a long tail.
3. Now we string the button on the needle with thread.
4. Tie the threads.
5. Cut the excess thread.
From the wrong side, it looks like this:
How to sew a button
How to sew a button
To understand how to sew a button, first you need to find out what are the main forms, types and sizes of buttons. To indicate the size of round products, two main systems are used - in millimeters or in lines (L). There are special correlation tables for these two systems.
To determine the size of square products, it is customary to use a diagonal. When working with non-standard shaped products, their size is determined by the largest side.
The most popular types are with two and four slots. Also there are models on the leg.
The button should fit the product in both color and size. To make sure that a particular button meets certain parameters and requirements, it is necessary to pass it through the buttonhole on the product. It should enter tight enough so as not to unfasten when moving, while not being excessively tight - otherwise there is a chance to tear the fabric of the product.
Before work, the “right” threads are selected. Their main properties are strength. That is, they should not be easily torn by hands. Their density corresponds to the size of the fastener and its holes, as well as the thickness of the material. Experts recommend durable reinforced threads for sewing fasteners to coats, jackets and fur coats.
The ideal option is when the button and thread are identical in shade. The obligation of this item depends on the type of button. If it is flat, then the color is chosen, focusing on the button. If the product is on a leg, then it is advised to take the threads to match the fabric - so they will be almost invisible.
It is more convenient for work if the length of the thread does not exceed 30 cm. If the thread is shorter, it will not be enough to complete the job. If it is longer, then in the process the thread will become tangled and form knots.
When dealing with buttons with holes - especially with large ones - it is recommended to make a double thread. In this case, you must ensure that they do not intertwine. This will negatively affect the overall appearance of the finished product. The use of single addition is justified when working with small buttons.
Having chosen the double addition method, you should not make many punctures. Double thread and with few stitches will provide sufficient strength for sewing. Only when using one addition, more punctures of the fabric are required.
When sewing buttons with holes, it is important to remember that the direction of the thread should be parallel to the buttonhole.
Before starting work, the mounting location is indicated on the front side of the product. This is most conveniently done with a bar of soap.
For each type and type of buttons there is a convenient way to sew.
Work with outerwear
On thick fabric products, two buttons are simultaneously used to increase strength - on the front and the wrong side.
- A knot is tied.
- Thread the thread through the clasp on the back of the product. Bringing it to the front side, they inject a needle into the second button. A match is placed under it. This is necessary to create a “leg”, which subsequently reduces pressure on the fabric and facilitates fastening.
- Then both fasteners are sewn simultaneously with several stitches. It is important to fall into the same punctures.
- At the very end, the thread is brought to the “face”, pulled by several turns, fixing the intended “leg”. The match is removed. Then several knots are tied, and the thread is cut.
Selection of the right button
Accessories for fastening clothes differ not only in color, size and material from which it is made, but also in shape. Buttons are:
- Flat (with two, three, four holes). Suitable for costume, coat materials of high density. To make it convenient to fasten on a coat or jacket, they must be sewn with a leg made of thread. An exception is the slots of the sleeves on jackets, classic coats, where unfastening is not required. Do the same if the fittings are used for decorative purposes.
- With one hole, on the leg. If for flat "brothers" the role of "legs" is played by a stand made of threads, then for convex ones this is not required. Be sure to compare the thickness of the fabric and the height of the legs when selecting buttons. Otherwise, after sewing, they will sag or, conversely, interfere with the fastening.
What are buttons and what are they for?
There is another type of buttons that have a completely different purpose. We are talking about plastic buttons that sew a coat or fur coat from the inside at the same time as the main button. The buttons are smaller, with two holes, transparent. They play the role of additional fastening. Without buttons, you can simply tear out a piece of material if you accidentally catch on a hollow fur coat, sheepskin coat. And this is a typical situation when traveling in crowded vehicles.
Which threads are better to use
There are 3 rules here:
- threads for flat buttons are matched to their color,
- for buttons on the leg - the color of the fabric,
- the thicker the fabric of the stitched product, the thicker and stronger the thread should be.
Give up cotton threads, otherwise sewing loose buttons will turn into your hobby. Cotton threads, due to their natural composition, are easily rubbed when wearing clothes. It is better to take more durable and versatile reinforced threads for sewing: they are suitable for almost all types of fabric.
The choice of buttons and threads is a little science
And in this paragraph, size matters. Everything is very simple:
- for fur coats, coats, sheepskin coats, leather clothes, take a thicker needle with a big eye,
- it is better to stitch light fabrics, especially viscose, silk, satin with thin and, most importantly, sharp needles, to avoid clings to fabrics.
Do not forget the thimble so as not to pierce your fingers while sewing.
How to sew a button manually
We start with a simple one - we are preparing a "bridgehead" for work:
- We put the thread into the needle (the length of the thread is not more than 30 cm, otherwise you will get confused).
- We tie a knot at the end of the thread, cut off the unnecessary tip.
- If the buttons are sewn in a new place, mark the fabric. To do this, combine the product fields and make marks through the holes of the loops. Gently spread the fabric, secure with sewing pins, so that the marking places do not accidentally move.
- In other cases, just remove the tattered threads, and sew on the old tracks.
- It is better to iron the product in advance. It’s easier to work this way and there will be no markup errors.
Flat with two holes
This option has a special trick - to make a “stand” of threads while sewing a flat button. This will make it easier to loop through the buttonhole. The height of the thread leg should correspond to the thickness of the pick where the loops are placed. To achieve the same foot height for each stitch, use the extra pad between the button and the fabric. A pin, a match, even a piece of the rod from the handle will perfectly cope with this role. At the end of the work, such a “buffer” is easy to remove from the threads.
For each type of buttons, there are rules for attaching to clothes.
Everything is ready, you can get to work:
- From the wrong side of the side, pierce the needle in the intended place. Tighten the knot.
- Put the button through the hole on the pierced needle from the front side.
- Put a pin, a match under the button. Then thread the needle and thread through the second hole and pierce the fabric.
- Simple, right? Now repeat this simple operation several times. Hold the button with one finger so that it does not slide off the fabric or the pin falls out.
- The final stage is consolidation. During the last stitch, do not thread the needle through the hole, but through the fabric.
- Remove the pin, thread the leg formed from the threads several times with thread.
- Fasten the thread with a knot or stitch on the wrong side of the product. Cut the excess length of the thread.
How to sew a button with four holes? This option is absolutely similar to the previous one. Since the holes are 2 pairs, then they need to be sewn in alternately. First make a stitch through one pair of holes, then go to the other. And so on until the button sits firmly on the fabric. And here it is convenient to use a pin and a match to create a leg. But keep in mind that there are more holes, so take a longer thread.
There are many options for what shape to make stitches. There are the simplest ones:
- parallel stitches
- cross stitch
Those who believe in signs can take other options. It is not known how buttons sewn in this way can affect fate, but try:
- the letter "I" - success in creativity,
- the letter "Z" - success in business,
- the passionate love is “answered” by the shape of a square with a cross in the middle.
Convex on the leg
With this hardware, it’s much simpler: you do not need to make an extra leg of thread to raise the button slightly above the fabric and then fasten it easily. And in everything else, the sewing process is similar:
- pull the thread into the needle, make a knot, pierce the fabric,
- on the front side, pass the needle through the button leg, pierce the fabric,
- make a stitch on the back side, and so repeat several times,
- bring the needle to the wrong side, fasten the end of the thread with a bundle.
Schemes and examples of how to unusually secure buttons and good luck
Finally, a few "subtleties" of the skill familiar to everyone since childhood:
- The main advice - do not wait for the button to get lost. Otherwise, you will have to completely change the entire “button kit” on the product. Always after washing, ironing, check in what condition the threads are, and immediately cross to the point, not putting it off for later. Spend a couple of minutes, but save money on a complete hardware replacement.
- When buying outerwear, try to keep an additional set of buttons and buttons. Usually, they are attached to the product in a bag in the amount of 4 pieces (a pair of each type). If there is no such set, then this is the certificate of a low-quality manufacturer of outerwear.
- Sew buttons with several holes as well as those originally sewn (with diagonal or parallel stitches).
- Try to ensure that the hardware is attached on the wrong side as neatly as the outside.
- For clothes that you constantly wear, it’s advisable to wrap the “leg” of threads several times after sewing, and then thread the needle and thread through this bundle and secure with the stitch on the back. This will provide additional thread protection against abrasion.
- You can do without a nodule for fixation. It is enough to make a few stitches on the fabric before and after sewing. And then tie the end of the thread with a knot.
To speed up the process, use a double thread.
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