The transition from a handful of coins to landscape placement marks another evolutionary stage for a novice collector when a set of items turns into a collection. Recall that a well-designed collection is quality exposure on the chosen topic, where the coins are placed in accordance with the chosen concept and are provided with explanatory comments. Moreover, one of the organizational methods of exposure since ancient times is considered to be collection. After all, the donated collections turned out to be the foundation for the birth of many museums, some of which now have world-famous names.
How to arrange coins in an album
Coin Cell Layout Album
The beginning of the journey when there are coins and their vault purchased. It remains to decide how to lay out the coins in the album. Least of all questions arises when buying tablet albums for a specific series. The manufacturer decided for you which background to choose for the positive and how exactly to place the series on it. It is not possible to place coins otherwise. Often a series is made up of several albums. An example is the series “70th anniversary of the Victory of the Soviet people in the Great Patriotic War of 1941-1945”, consisting of three independent parts: “70 years of Victory” (2014), “Crimean Operations” (2015) and “Cities- the capital of countries liberated from fascism ”(2016). Here you can already choose: put the coins into albums or collect them in a single exposition.
Where greater freedom is provided by a coin album with leaf inserts consisting of cells for coins of a specific diameter. Do not stuff coins of the selected topic arbitrarily, trying to occupy each cell. The collection looks in a more favorable light when the series are separated from each other. For example, when collecting coins on the topic "Fauna" it is worth separating the bimetallic series “Animal World of Turkey” from silver coins with similar drawings issued in 2005. Empty cells can be filled with monophonic inserts or form a mosaic substrate from them.
Extra Series Coins in the Album
The location of extra-serial coins that are suitable for your chosen theme is entirely in the hands of your imagination. However, it is worth unifying the selection of coins on the sheet. For example, pick up coins not only of a similar diameter (the cell size will take care of this), but also same metal or at least colors. Only then your collection will cease to resemble the same heap, only spread over transparent pockets.
How to process coins before placing in an album
Put the coins in the album should be in gloves. Only in this way after some time your fingerprint will not appear on the surface. Such surprises often like to be presented with modern electroplated coins (dozens of steel “hot water”), clad with tompak (10 and 50 kopecks 2006-2014), as well as brass (10 and 50 kopecks 1997-2006 and ten bimetal rings until 2017 ) The dark trace that appears will forever remove the coin from the collection. But what if a valuable copy got out of circulation, and there are already invisible traces on it?
Raw coin on which an uneven patina has formed
On the Internet pages it is recommended to wipe the coins before placing them in the album with alcohol or acetone. But do not follow the advice thoughtlessly. It turns out that researchers of X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (Sanjay V. Kagwade, Clive R. Clayton, Devicharan Chidambaram and Gary P. Khalada) concluded that when copper is purified with acetone, the latter serves as a photocatalyst for the reaction between acetone and water vapor. In the absence of light, the reaction does not occur, but do not wipe the copper coins in the dark? Therefore, the degreasing of copper and copper-containing alloys (and the removal of fatty traces from the surface of the coin is included in this category) is better not to produce acetone.
The reaction of acetone with copper in the presence of light (photo on the left) and without light (photo on the right)
When choosing acetone for cleaning the surface of other coin metals, one should pay attention to its composition. Recommended by GOST 1978. Experimentally, the presence of unnecessary additives can be checked by dropping acetone on a glass, and then set on fire. After burning out the acetone, if it is of high quality, the glass remains clean.
When choosing alcohol for wiping coins before laying in the album, do not grab the first bottle that comes across. Sometimes after alcohol you can notice whitish spots on the coins. And again, glass will help us, that is, optics! The surface of the lens in optical instruments is cleaned with isopropanol (isopropyl alcohol). After such cleaning, no whitish spots or stains remain on the glass. Consequently, it will not cause any harm to the surface of the coins. Well, you should not forget about specialized liquidswhen it comes to rare and valuable coins.
A few words about conservation
A conventional tablet or coin album does not provide complete isolation of the specimen from environmental influences, which causes the appearance of patina. Previously, collectors used various conservation methods. For "budget" coins, an acrylic fixer was used, which is used for the restoration of art paintings. If you wanted to preserve the coins of a pleasant preservation, then a layer of wax, petroleum jelly or paraffin was applied to them.
It was also popular varnish coating coins. However, in this case, the original color of the coin was subtly distorted. Even a beginner numismatist will easily identify a specimen coated with varnish from an ordinary coin. All these methods multiplied and multiplied for the banal reason of the inaccessibility of capsules. The conservation of previous years will only harm the coins of excellent. Now there is no difficulty in acquiring quality capsules from trusted manufacturers.
Example of a liquid protecting coins from oxidation
Having saved ten rubles per capsule, sometimes you risk irrevocably ruining the magnificence expensive instance, at the cost of tens of thousands. And here it is also worth paying attention to a specialized liquid to protect against oxidation of any type of coin. After wiping the specimen, we apply the solution to the surface, which will protect it from the harmful effects of air.
How to make an album with coins
Coins in the album. It's time to think about collection design. For example, take the coins of the Russian Empire from Peter the Great to Nicholas II. It would be reasonable to separate one ruler from another, that is, to clearly distinguish between minting periods. Ring albums for coins with insert sheets are ideal here. A cover page is printed for each period (it would be nice to start the collection not even with Peter the Great, but with a sheet covering the entire theme of the collection). If coins in a period are distributed not by years, but by metals, then it is possible to increase the number of sections, preceding each excursion that notes the features of the circulation of coins of this type. When sorting within a period by denominations, it is useful to show insert sheet the evolution of one or another denomination that has occurred over the years. Insert sheets make it easy to find a place for new acquisitions. Sometimes an insert between periods can illustrate interesting branches in money circulation. For example, highlight the minted coins of Catherine the Great by Paul the First.
Commemorative 2 euro sheets with information inserts
Non-serial coins of a certain topic are best stored in sheets that have additional slots for informational inserts. How to sign coins in an album? It is recommended to indicate the issuing country, year of issue, face value and event (if the coin is commemorative). For the topic "Fauna", it will be useful to mark out brief information about the representative of the animal world, caught on a coin.
How to store albums with coins
Not everyone thinks that, having ensured the safety of coins, one must take care of the albums themselves. Firstly, albums should be stored standing so that the coins of adjacent sheets do not press against each other and do not deform the plastic. Secondly, the cover must be protected with a special case-shuber, otherwise its corners and bottom quickly fade. Thirdly, carefully consider the choice of the room where your collection will be stored. Places with high humidity will adversely affect both the albums and the coins placed in their cells. High temperatures can adversely affect plastic sheets, causing them to become cloudy and even crack over time. The room should be dry, the humidity in it should not exceed eighty percent, and the temperature should be in the range from 15 to 36 degrees. It is good when the album material excludes environmental impact. Below is an illustration of an "alboke" - sheets of plates where sealed capsules are inserted.
An example of an alboke case for placing capsules with coins
It seems that the transition to a new level of evolution is fraught with many additional expenses and unnecessary actions. But all of the above activities only increase the level of guarantee the safety of your coins. First you work for the collection, then it will work for you. And who knows, maybe in just a few decades, one of the newly opened museums will proudly announce that the basis for it was your collection, all of which are in exceptional quality and excellent safety.
Types of appliances
All modern coin sorting machines are divided by type of mechanism.
A device of this type performs its functions in one run.
The workflow consists of several stages:
- The operator places the coins in the receiving pocket, launches the equipment into operation.
- Coins begin to move along the path of the sorting mechanism.
- As a result of sorting, coins of various denominations are distributed in the trays intended for them.
- The display shows the amount of coins (either the total result, or disaggregated by denomination).
Models of sorters with a vertically oriented mechanism differ in:
- Speed. The average speed of the device is 1000-2500 coins / min.
- Language used. There are sorters that use Russian or English.
- Possibilities for outputting the final result. Not all devices display process information on a monitor.
- The presence of detail on the monitor. A number of models display only general information about the amount, others detail it for each face value.
The principle of operation of this type of apparatus is similar to the process in a device with a vertical mechanism.
At the same time, it has several advantages, in particular, increased operating speed (up to 3000 m / min) and greater wear resistance.
Such equipment is distinguished by a higher cost.
Important! Sorters with horizontally and vertically oriented mechanisms distribute coins according to the size of their diameter, regardless of the type of currency. Therefore, if coins of another currency hit, the device will not be able to independently deposit them in a separate pocket. Instead, he will send them to a sector with coins of the same diameter.
The highest class of equipment used where a large number of coins of various denominations regularly pass, for example, in banks.
The operation of such sorting equipment consists of the following steps:
- Loading coins.
- Moving coins on an inclined rail.
- During rolling of coins, cutters take coins and send them to certain compartments.
- At the end of the process, the monitor displays the sorting result.
This type of sorting apparatus is considered the most wear-resistant even when operating in heavy duty mode (24/7).
During the sorting process, the device checks the coins for diameter, thickness and alloy. As a result, foreign, counterfeit coins, as well as damaged money, are rejected and sent to a separate container.
In addition, equipment can be modified and supplemented with various options as needed.
Criterias of choice
When choosing equipment for sorting coins, you must consider:
- Instrument speed. This criterion is especially important for companies with a large amount of small money or tokens.
- The volume of the receiving hopper. This indicator is also very important, since even at high speed, but with a small hopper, sorting will not advance very quickly due to the need for constant reloading.
- Additional functions of the sorter.
In addition, there are parameters that simplify the use of equipment, for example, its mass. Lighter and more mobile devices can be moved from place to place and used at various points.
You can choose the best option for the coin sorter in our catalog. If necessary, you can contact our consultants who will answer any questions and help you choose the best option.